Hamadan is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is possible that it is occupied by the Assyrians in 1100 BC. Herodotus, the Greek historian in antiquity, affirms that it was the capital of the Medes, about 700 BC. The Persian king, Cyrus the Great, was born in this city, who brought it under his rule around 550 BC by defeating King Astyage, his maternal grandfather. Hamadan is located in the west of Iran and contains important archaeological sites such as the Esther and Mordecai mausoleum (Achaemenid period), the Alavian dome (12th century), the Mausoleum of Avicenna (10 century), The Mausoleum of Babataher (12th century), Ganjnameh (the Achaemenes period) and Ecbatan.